4 December 2020

cgiar science council

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The CGIAR ISPC, appointed by the CGIAR Fund Council, provides expert advice to the funders of CGIAR, particularly in ensuring that CGIAR's research programs are aligned with the Strategy and Results Framework. With an opportunity to join this valuable work as a member in 2020, successful candidates will be appointed to serve for three years to help the ISDC contribute to the strategic and portfolio planning and positioning of CGIAR. Water and Food, aimed at producing more food using less water; HarvestPlus, to improve the micronutrient content of staple foods; Generation, aimed at increasing the use of, CCAFS - Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security, A4NH - Agriculture for Nutrition and Health, This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 13:23. CGIAR, however, failed to embrace these changes in any effective way. Dave Watson grew up on small family-farm in northeast England and has over 30 years of commercial farming experience. Background . For more information please visit: https://cas.cgiar.org/isdc, CGIAR is a global research partnership for a food-secure future. In the mid-2000s Ruben was Executive Director of the Science Council of the CGIAR, based at FAO Rome. Droughts and storms are expected to increase in frequency and severity, undermining the efforts of farmers, foresters and fishers. Conti Building on an earlier exploratory study, in 2007–2008 the CGIAR’s Standing Panel on Impact Assessment (SPIA) undertook an initiative in collaboration with seven CGIAR centers to augment the evidence of Starting in 1943, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Mexican government laid the seeds for the Green Revolution when they established the Office of Special Studies, which resulted in the establishment of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in 1960 and International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) in 1963 with support from the Rockefeller Foundation and Ford Foundation, developing high-yielding, disease-resistant varieties that dramatically increased production of these staple cereals, and turned India, for example, from a country regularly facing starvation in the 1960s to a net exporter of cereals by the late-1970s. In 1969, the Pearson Commission on International Development urged the international community to undertake "intensive international effort" to support "research specializing in food supplies and tropical agriculture". The introduction of no-tillage systems in the rice-wheat systems in the Indo-Gangetic Plains, for example, generated economic benefits of about US$165 million between 1990 and 2010 from an investment of only US$3.5 million. CGIAR arose in response to the widespread concern in the mid-20th century that rapid increases in human populations would soon lead to widespread famine. These commodity programs were renamed to, for example, RTB Systems Program or Rice Systems Program. Key among the changes implemented was the adoption of Challenge Programs as a means of harnessing the strengths of the diverse centers to address major global or regional issues. He led CIAT from 2009 to 2019 and in 2019 promoted the creation of the Alliance of Bioversity International and CIAT. It consists of a Chair and up to seven members. Mergers between the two livestock centers the International Laboratory for Research on Animal Diseases (ILRAD) and the International Livestock Centre for Africa (ILCA)) and the absorption of work on bananas and plantains into the program of the International Plant Genetic Resources Institute (IPGRI; now Bioversity International) reduced the number to 16. www.cgiar.org. The initial focus on the staple cereals—rice, wheat and maize—widened during the 1970s to include cassava, chickpea, sorghum, potato, millet and other food crops, and encompassed livestock, farming systems, the conservation of genetic resources, plant nutrition, water management, policy research, and services to national agricultural research centers in developing countries. The ISDC contributes to the strategic and portfolio planning and positioning of CGIAR. The first GCARD was held in Montpellier, France, in March 2010.[24]. The systems programs dryland systems, aquatic agricultural systems, and Humidtropics ceased to be standalone programs, even though they were seen as what was new to the reformed CGIAR, but were not given a real chance to take off and prosper, mainly due to funding reductions, but also because of a refocus on commodity value chains. It is carried out at 15 centers (CGIAR Consortium of International Agricultural Research Centers) that collaborate with partners from national and regional research institutes, civil society organizations, academia, development organizations, and the private sector. Hall Kenneth M. … NASA Science Cargo Heads to Space Station on Northrop Grumman Mission: 1: NASA 2019 Early Career Public Service Medal Awardee: Megan Johnson: 1: NASA scientist promises certain proof extraterrestrial life: 1: NASA’s New Posters and the Retro Travel Ads That Inspired Them: 1 The Science Council considered the Report of the Fifth External and Program Management Review (EPMR) of ICARDA, and the Center’s response, at the SC’s … Terms of Reference of CGIAR’s . Authors CGIAR Independent Science and Partnership Council (39) Carberry, Peter (1) CGIAR Standing Panel on Impact Assessment (1) Chadag, M.V. The CGIAR System Organization is a global research partnership for a food-secure future. Agricultural Research (CGIAR) decided to establish an Independent Science and Partnership Council (ISPC) to provide independent advice and expertise to the funders of CGIAR research through services to the Fund Council and the Funders Forum. It provides a bridge between the funders and the CGIAR Consortium. SCIENCE COUNCIL 1 CGIAR Report of the Sixth External Program and Management Review (EPMR) 1of the International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) Review Panel: Kenneth G. Cassman (Chair) Eric Danquah Antonio J. All enquiries on applications and nominations should be made in writing to ISDCappointments@cgiar.org. By 1983 there were 13 research centers around the world under its umbrella. The impacts of CGIAR research have been extensively assessed, as demonstrated by a review article published in the journal Food Policy in 2010. [49], The centers have also contributed to such fields as improving the nutritional value of staple crops; pest and disease control through breeding resistant varieties; integrated pest management and biological control (e.g., control of the cassava mealybug in sub-Saharan Africa through release of a predatory wasp); improvements in livestock and fish production systems; genetic resources characterization and conservation; improved natural resource management; and contributions to improved policies in numerous areas, including forestry, fertilizer, milk marketing, and genetic resources conservation and use. [21] The CGIAR Consortium unites the centers supported by CGIAR; it coordinates limited research activities of about fifteen research projects (See list below) among the centers and provides donors with a single contact point to centers. Starting in 1943, the Rockefeller Foundation and the Mexican government laid the seeds for the Green Revolution when they established the Office of Special Studies, which resulted in the establishment of the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) in 1960 and International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT) in 1963 with support from the R… Its research is carried out by 15 CGIAR centers, including CIMMYT. The Independent Science for Development Council (ISDC) is an external, impartial standing panel of experts in science and development subject matters (including food systems innovation matters that extend beyond the agricultural sector) with the responsibility of providing rigorous, independent strategic advice to the System Council and the broader CGIAR System as a whole. About The CGIAR Advisory Services (CAS) comprise the Independent Science for Development Council (ISDC), the Standing Panel on Impact Assessment (SPIA), and an independent evaluation function implemented at the request of CGIAR System Council. CGIAR is a global research partnership for a food secure future dedicated to reducing poverty, enhancing food and nutrition security, and improving natural resources. de Janvry, A., Dunstan, A., and Sadoulet, E. 2011. The CGIAR Fund aims to harmonize the efforts of donors to contribute to agricultural research for development, increase the funding available by reducing or eliminating duplication of effort among the centers and promote greater financial stability. Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) _____ Interim SCIENCE COUNCIL Emil Q. Javier, Chair Dear Ian, I am pleased to transmit to you the Report of the First External Review of the Systemwide Programme on Collective Action and Property Rights (CAPRi), convened by IFPRI. CGIAR science is dedicated to reducing poverty, enhancing food and nutrition security, and improving natural resources and ecosystem services. This review, commissioned by the CGIAR Science Council, aims to inform the CGIAR community on these matters, assessing the present state of CGIAR social science research, culminating in recommendations on how best to advance the CGIAR Mission through cutting edge social science… Private donors and industries also contributed, while research institutions in the rich world turned their attention to problems of the poor. CGIAR originally supported four centres: CIMMYT; International Rice Research Institute (IRRI); the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT); and the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA). Corporate money, plus government power and policies, plus a supportive international framework (CGIAR, WTO, etc.) The foresight report explores the CGIAR Science Council urges focus on urbanization in Agriculture & Food Systems 2050 Report | … The work of the CGIAR Consortium is governed by the Consortium Board, a 10-member panel that has fiduciary responsibility for CGIAR Research Programs, including monitoring and evaluation and reporting progress to donors. The independent advisory services comprise the Independent Science for Development Council (ISDC), the Standing Panel on Impact Assessment (SPIA) and an independent evaluation workstream implemented at the request of CGIAR System Council. Recent Advances in Impact Analysis Methods for Ex-post Impact Assessments of Agricultural Technology: Options for the CGIAR. However the research programs were designed prior to the Framework being ready, so now some refitting will have to take place to get the programs inline with it. This includes the high-yielding wheat and rice varieties that were the foundation of the Green Revolution. An assessment of the impact of crop breeding efforts at CGIAR centers between 1965 and 1998 showed CGIAR involvement in 65 percent of the area planted to ten crops addressed by CGIAR, specifically wheat, rice, maize, sorghum, millet, barley, lentils, beans, cassava, and potatoes. CGIAR Independent Science & Partnership Council c/o FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla 00153 Rome, Italy +39 06 57052103 [6], CGIAR is an ad-hoc organization funded by its members. 1970, the Rockefeller Foundation proposed a worldwide network of Agricultural research centers around the world under its umbrella in!, as demonstrated by a review article published in the rich world turned their attention problems... An ad-hoc Organization funded by its members CGIAR had grown to 18 and Results Framework: //cas.cgiar.org/isdc, is! 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More information please visit: https: //cas.cgiar.org/isdc, CGIAR embarked on Program!

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